Saturday, May 23, 2020

Questions On Clinical Decision Making - 1799 Words

Clinical Decision Making This paper will write the story of JT, clinical patient of mine. The paper will document her account of our interactions using her eyes and voice. The story will include health assessment data, labs, and a physical assessment. Elements of JT’s journey will also include her culture, level of pain, spiritual and psychosocial stance and ethical issues that arose. The paper will then detail the patient decision making process and strategies in a systemic manner to analyze the situation and help determine what could have been done better. The decision making process will also attempt to identify elements where the patient care could have been improved and determine what went well and what actions or assessments made had no basis in the guidelines or protocol. Additionally, analysis concepts will be integrated with continuous quality improvement (CQI) initiatives. An approach for change process using the Plan-Do-Study-Act (PDSA) model will be describe d as it applies to this patient scenario and will include clinical guidelines. The paper will then utilize the results from my completed self-assessment tool as well as the self-reflection and self-discovery to analyze the process of clinical decision making. JT is a clinical patient who was born in the 1930’s. By the time she was 12 years old, WW2 was in full effect and the nation was faced with its biggest challenge yet. By the 1950’s JT had graduated high school and was enrolled in College forShow MoreRelatedUnderstanding Clinical Decision Support System800 Words   |  4 PagesUnderstanding Clinical Decision Support System, Its Origin and the Changing Face The Era has begun where a tremendous amount of data and silos of information are being generated. The websites, blogs, the electronic health record are all jam-packed with information. 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Clinical decision support systems are defined as electronic systems (computer software applications) designed to aid directly in clinical decision making, in which patient’s characteristics are used to generateRead MoreAPA Ethical Dilemma Paper1387 Words   |  6 Pagesand treatments, many people agree to become part of clinical trials, they are the first to receive the treatments, this helps to understand how the body will be affected and if the medication will be effective. People who are part of these clinical trials, go through extensive medical testing, and they must be of sound mind and fully understand what the clinical trial is about and everything it implies, and they must be the ones making the decision, no one should be forcing them to do it. So what happensRead MoreInformation Based Medicine ( Ebm )1382 Words   |  6 Pagesresearch in healthcare decision-making. EBM is regarded as the gold standard of clinical practice. The term evidence-based medicine, as it is currently used, has two main tributaries. Chronologically, the first is the insistence on explicit evaluation of evidence of effectiveness when issuing clinical practice guidelines and other population-level policies. The second is the introduction of epidemiological methods into medical education and individual patient-level decision-making. †¢ Evidence-basedRead MoreFactors Influencing Nurses For Clinical Nursing Practice1206 Words   |  5 PagesFactors Influencing Nurses to Leave Clinical Nursing Practice In their article Why Are Nurses Leaving? Findings from an Initial Qualitative Study on Nursing Attrition, MacKusick and Minick (2010) outline a participatory case study using a phenomenological research design to identify factors that influence Registered Nurses (RNs) decisions to leave clinical nursing practice. This paper will examine the study using a qualitative critiquing approach. The information discovered will be used to determine

Monday, May 11, 2020

How the Industrial Revolution Affected the World Essay

The Industrial Revolution was the main contributor of the development of factories and modern day machinery. The Industrial Revolution created hundreds of new jobs, influenced many new inventions, and created many new ways of creating and transporting goods. Many jobs including spinners, miners, factory workers, and farmers were beginning to rise in population, due to the new technology being created in the 18th and 19th centuries. The start of new inventions coming into view was beginning in Britain, with many agricultural tools creating new ways to plow and yield crops. Later on, it caused new forms of transportation to be developed, for example, railroads and canals. This essay will explain exactly how these causes began, and how they†¦show more content†¦The coal seams ran under the higher ground to the north. The Dukes land agent, John Gilbert, saw that it was possible to connect the canal directly to the mines by way of an underground canal. This in turn could be used to help with draining the mines, providing a source of water for the canal.† Canals changed the way we collected goods, and they made it much more facile to transport them. In addition with the invention of the steam engine came the steam locomotive. As the development of steam engines progressed through the 18th century, various attempts were made to apply them to road and railway us. In 1812 Matthew Murray was the first to build a successful steam locomotive, and it hauled 27 carts of around 95 tonnes at 3 mph. Accompanied with this came Richard Trevithick’s 40 psi steam locomotive, The Penydarren Locomotive, â€Å"the worlds first ever railway journey that ran 9 miles from the ironworks at Penydarren to the Merthyr-Cardiff Canal, South Wales.† This creation lead to many more innovations, which will lead to speedy land travel for goods and products. Around when the Industrial Revolution began, agriculture began to take a turn in it’s way of harvesting cr ops. New techniques of growing and tending crops spread across Europe in the 1700s. â€Å"The improved yield of the agricultural sector can be attributed to the enclosure movement and to improved techniques and practices developed during thisShow MoreRelatedSecond Industrial Revolution1000 Words   |  4 PagesSecond US Industrial Revolution, 1870 -1910 Darris Adkins Abstract In this brief paper, a description of two developments of industrialization that positively affected the United States and two developments that negatively affected the United States will be discussed. An analysis of whether or not industrialization was generally beneficial or detrimental to the lives of Americans and the history of the United States will be outlined. Second US Industrial Revolution, 1870 -1910 In this briefRead MoreImpact Of The Industrial Revolution On Capitalism And The Contemporary Society Essay1625 Words   |  7 PagesThe impact of the Industrial Revolution on Capitalism and the Contemporary Society, When looking into the past during the Industrial Revolution, there were many cause and effect events that occurred, the Industrial Revolution changed the lives of many, these changes in society were caused by the innovations of the time period, and the need for a more productive environment. There was a movement from an agricultural society to a manufacturing society; these changes affected the family’s abilityRead MoreEssay on Industrial Revolution1489 Words   |  6 Pagesgradually the rest of the worlds development, that would lead to radical changes in peoples lives, working relations and environment. Industrial revolution was so fundamental that it’s often compared with the transition from farming to stock raising, which began several thousand years before the birth of Christ. Considering the uses of natural resources, can human history be dived up into three pieces of varying length; hundreds of thousands years before â€Å"the agricultural revolution†, thousands of yearsRead MoreHow Greed Affects The Lives Of People935 Words   |  4 PagesIt is hard to believe how greed affects the lives of people. Often people do not realize that money and power are not everything in life. During the Industrial Revolution many people let their lives be heavily manipulated by their material wants rather than their needs. As a result they were often unhappy with the lives they had while others were in abundance of happiness. Charles Dickens lived during the Industrial Revolution and knew what life was like during those times (BBC - Primary HistoryRead MoreIndustrial Revolution Af ter The Civil War956 Words   |  4 Pages The Inusterial Revolution after the Civil War Between 18-19th centuries after the Civil War, a chain of events occurred that brought about several changes in the way that people lived and worked in the United States.This period ranges from the time when cities started growing rapidly because human hand labor was drastically changed to machine labor. These events started the American Industrial Revolution, which later affected African American socially, economically and politically. However, manyRead MoreEffects of Industrialization and Imperialism Essay1567 Words   |  7 PagesWORLD HISTORY RESEARCH PAPER Effects of Industrialization and Imperialism Unit 6: Imperialism World History Honors / Block #6 Due: April 16, 2013 Therefore, one must understand how throughout the times of Imperialism, and Industrial Revolution, aspects such as working conditions, population expansion and colonial enhancement prove why advancements were beneficial to the modern world in the long run. â€Æ' The Industrial Revolution marked a time in history when advancements in technologyRead MoreThe Effects of the Industrial Revolution on Society Essay770 Words   |  4 PagesFrank Garrido THE EFFECTS OF THE NDUSTRIAL REVOLUTION ON SOCIETY The Industrial Revolution changed the ways by how the world produced its goods. It was the era when the use of power-driven machines was developed. It also changed our societies from a mainly agricultural society to one in which industry and manufacturing was in control. This had many effects on people’s lives. The Industrial Revolution first got its start in Great Britain, during the 18th century. It was inevitable thatRead MoreIndustrial Revolution Essay1189 Words   |  5 Pages Several major events in Europe have affected the way of life for people all over the world. First, the Industrial Revolution is very important. As briefly discussed in Question One, the Industrial Revolution was a time when steam-powered machines and factories came into view instead of just agriculture. The Industrial Revolution brought many things. First, machines and systems were made to replace traditional farming, this meant fewer people were needed on farms which results in more jobs beingRead MoreThe Industrial Revolution : The World Into The Forward And Advanced World We Live1387 Words   |  6 PagesThe Industrial Revolution was vital in shaping the world into the forward and advanced world we live in now. The Industrial Revolution started in 18th century England, pushing England towards becoming one of the most industrialized nations in the world. This revolution opened up many opportunities for people in terms of work as well as the increase of product consumption, however, discrimination and oppression occurred, specifically of women. Throughout the world, especially in England, women wereRead MoreMass Production Affects Conflicts With Society, Business And International Affairs907 Words   |  4 Pagesthe Industrial Revolution, the role of government was to keep the peace (or fight wars), maintain civil order and enforce law. By the progressive era, government in addition accepted some responsibility for regulating the economy and caring for the needy. The concept of economic policy had been born. Anti-trust laws and civil rights laws now existed. In Europe, the labor movement began during the industrial revolution, when agricultural jobs declined and employment moved to more industrial areas

Wednesday, May 6, 2020

Montage Hotel Free Essays

What a great opportunity it was to visit a marvelous garden at the â€Å"Montage Hotel† in Laguna Beach. The garden stretches around 700 feet long and 60 feet wide on the west side of the Hotel by the Pacific Ocean. The garden is elevated around 50 feet above the ocean with a spectacular 180 degrees view. We will write a custom essay sample on Montage Hotel or any similar topic only for you Order Now Looking around flowers could be seen all over the place as colorful as a rainbow Including all deferent bright colors pink, red white yellow. The pink and red flowers have petals that flip around each other In a beautiful rose form as the size of a strawberry. The white and yellow flowers are made up of 5 petals and are the size of marshmallows. Palm trees with green leaves hanging are all over the place around 20 of them ranging from 10 to 15 feet, The grass looks like green a velvet carpet so thin and fine, and It Is stretched In areas around the concrete walk ways. The walkways are Like 5 feet wide and they curve with the natural ground edge parallel to the ocean. Brown wood benches overlooking the ocean invite to sit and enjoy the scenery their size is around 6 feet long and 2 feet wide. The benches consist of high grade outdoor street furniture with premium hard brown wood, contoured and supported by a gallivanted steel frame. People are sitting on them and enjoying the beautiful ocean scenery that is such a joy and can have enough of. A pergola decorates one of the seating areas overlooking the ocean; it is made out of brown wood. The pergola is situated in three sections with half hexagon shape. Each section is around 5 feet long and 3 feet wide. The Ocean is deep blue and seems to sparkle like diamonds. The waves gently move with the south west breeze. The sand is as shiny as gold and it is very smooth and light. Walking on the sand feels like a butterfly flying all over. Brown chestnut rocks elevate in some of the areas near the water it looked like a perfect hill for hiking but there is a sign, placed by the city environmental section, prohibiting any tress passers to preserve this precious rock. Walking along the beach the bright sun covers the area with an invisible blanket of warmth. The sun displays a beautiful portrait of red orange and yellow colors, especially during the outstanding breath taking sunset. These rays spread through the blue skies like strong threads of wool as they made the sky a mystery of colors all mixed together to give the picture perfect landscape. As the sun starts to sit on the water it begins to melt and sink in the ocean behind gimps of Catalina Island. No matter how strong sensory Images are used to describing this master piece Garden, words can’t describe the actual beauty of this place. It Is Indeed a piece of Heaven on earth. Montage Hotel By mausoleum be seen all over the place as colorful as a rainbow including all different bright colors there in a beautiful rose form as the size of a strawberry. The white and yellow feet. The grass looks like green a velvet carpet so thin and fine, and it is stretched in areas around the concrete walk ways. The walkways are like 5 feet wide and they People are sitting on them and enjoying the beautiful ocean scenery that is such a Joy and can’t have enough of. A pergola decorates one of the seating areas overlooking gimps of Catalina Island. No matter how strong sensory images are used to place. It is indeed a piece of Heaven on earth. How to cite Montage Hotel, Papers

Thursday, April 30, 2020

Structure and Features of CGC’s

Questions: 1. Discuss the criteria to consider in specifying the structure and features of CGCs new system. 2. Identify the data that should be incorporated into CGCs new system to provide adequate planning capability. Explain why each data item it is important and the level of detail needed for the data to be useful. Answers: Introduction Organization Overview Citizens Gas Company (CGC) is a firm that makes available the natural gas service to 200,000 customers. The customer base of the same is as described below: Class Customers Sales in Cubic Feet Revenues Dependency on Weather Residential 160,000 80 billion $160 million High Commercial 38,000 15 billion $ 25 million Partial Industrial 2,000 50 billion $ 65 million Negligible Totals 145 billion $250 million CGC: Customer base CGC has 10 suppliers who are bound in a contract with the company that varies from 5 to 15 years. This supply varies on heating season and is in equal monthly increments in a few cases. Drawbacks in the Current System The company has to pay irrespective of the usage of the gas Gas storage field does not have any streamlined process and restriction apart from the requirement to be filled at the beginning of the year Curtailments and over-supply are not tracked properly Insufficient planning to finalize the supply for all three types of customers Undue curtailment for commercial and industrial customers leading to loss in sales Information Systems for CGC Information Systems are a blend of equipment and programming that is required for the administration of data-sensitive and information driven applications (Systems and Systems, 2016). It would help in the investigation and capacity of the information. The prime motivation behind Information Systems is to change the crude information into important data (, 2016). An extraordinary type of such frameworks is a Management Information System (MIS), which gives data to dealing with a venture (, 2016). These frameworks are isolated into two general classifications as: General reason Information Systems Specialized Information Systems The basic requirements of CGC are to decide on the supply for each and every customer at a defined period of time and also to track the same with proper reporting tools. Monitoring of the stock along with the proper planning are basically required out of the information systems for CGC. Information Systems applicable in CGC Transaction Processing System These are the systems which halp in maintaining and managing the transactions related to the project. For instance, in case of CGC it would revolve around the demand received, supply given, order summary and many others. Applicable transaction processing systems for CGC are: Order Processing Systems Stock Control Systems Systems for payments Database Management Systems (, 2016) Order Processing System collects the order related information from all the sources such as the administrator, worker and the sutomers. This information is stored in the database and the request is then sent to the bookkeeping and dispatching departments. It keeps the information around the orders and the stock intact at all times (, 2016). A solid and effective framework for preparing client requests is essential to necessary achievement. Without it, private cabin operations will bobble, front end agents will endure, and clients are more probable go to a contender that gives better administration. A ton of time, cash, and assets can be spared just by building up a legitimate request handling rule (Meneses, 2015). Stock control system, also called inventory control system, would be utilized to manage the stocks of CGS and the measures to monitor the same. It applies to every cycle of the stocks that is from raw materials to the finished products. The system targets all the phases that are involved such as utilization, requesting and re-requesting of the stock. Proficient stock control would permit appropriate measure of stock in the perfect spot at the opportune time. It would likewise guarantee that capital is not tied up pointlessly, and secures generation if issues emerge with the store network (, 2016). Payment Systems for CGC would allow all the financial transactions involved with the three different customers to be in place and also would be easily tracked. Database Management System (DBMS) is a system which is used to categorize, monitor, store and control the data in an effctive manner. It is a combination of tables and schemas which are made up of rows and columns (, 2016). The data related to CGC such as customer details, supply information, funds information and many more would be easily arranaged with the help of DBMS. Management Information Systems (MIS) It is an electronic database of that primarily revolves around finance related information that is concised in an accurate manner and the customized reports can also be generated on the basis of the same. It is typically likewise conceivable to acquire extraordinary reports from the framework effortlessly. Data showed by the MIS normally indicates "genuine" information over against "arranged" results and results from a year prior to; in this manner it quantifies progress against objectives. The MIS in case of CGC would acquire the required data from the customers and the suppliers (, 2016). The suggested information systems under MIS which would be beneficial for CGC are: Budgeting Systems Sales Management Systems CGC would make use budgeting systems to fulfill objectives for development and maintainability with the current funds. The real goals of spending plan frameworks incorporate coordination, distribution of assets and general making arrangements for operations (, 2016). A sales manageemnt framework is an apparatus that aides salespeople get sorted out, deal with their contacts better, track their sales bargains all the more productively and spare them time. In short a system that aides salespeople offer more. It can be a learning database that gives access and data about sales accounts. This can decrease the difficulties and issues confronted while taking care of a huge arrangement of records. CGC will have the capacity to recognize the sales accounts that give the most guarantee and income. What's more, they can sift through the less encouraging records. This empowers sales supervisors to disseminate and organize accounts successfully. The sales group can pitch one of a kind advancements and bundles to every record to improve the odds of getting it done (sales management, 2016). Decision Support Systems These are the systems that aid in the decision making and decision support associated with an organization. These are the learning based frameworks which are utilized for demonstrating and systematic purposes. There are certain distinguishing advantages of these systems in terms of cost-effectiveness, increased efficiency and managed system as whole. The time investment funds that have been archived from utilizing modernized choice backing are regularly generous. DSS can enhance correspondence and cooperation among leaders. (, 2016). Executive Information System (EIS) This is a system that is a specialized form of a decision support system and is used by the top executives associated with the company. These executive intergrate and aggregate the data from all of the sources and come up with the strategies to form mangement and executive decisions. It is a system that is coputer-based in nature and hence, is a combination of several components such as hardware, software and many more. It also provides rapid access to the information and alos provides mechanism for automation of data (, 2014). Easy navigation and user-friendly are features that come easy with these systems which makes them simple to use by the employees of the company including top-level executives. The final information presented in this syetms is represented in an arranged form and clear patterns. It would help CGC to form a well-defined business strategy to keep all the processes and the team members integrated in a system that is executed with complete perfection. Project Plan and necessary phases A task can't run effectively on the premise of chance or a plausibility. Regardless of how enormous or little a task is, it must be upheld by solid and all around arranged administration systems as tremendous number of assets, for example, labor, machine and cash are included in a venture. If there should arise an occurrence of the business, it is significantly more critical to take after an organized system to have an effective venture administration set up, concerning the likelihood of a ton numerous dangers and the odds of disappointment also. There can never be a zero-deformity programming or one hundred percent assurance of achievement yet by the by, a successful arranging and control does no mischief. The first and the preeminent stride in the strategy to be followed in the anticipate administration ought to be to picture the objective. It would evaluate the circumstance better, as well as, would likewise be useful in posting down the progressions to follow keeping in mind the end goal to accomplish the objective. A very much explored and outlined undertaking arrange additionally should be readied which ought to cover the target of the venture, scope, suspicions, potential dangers, mistake approach, breakthroughs and requirements. The task arrangement would help so as to comprehend the prerequisites better and would likewise be important to track the advancement. There must be a pioneer or a gathering of pioneer to oversee and co-ordinate the task alongside doling out employments to the general population, observing the ir work and taking care of the reporting. A fallback position is likewise critical if there should be an occurrence of a blunder situation. There ought to be apparatuses and exertion accurately placed in, keeping in mind the end goal to deal with the desires. Time-to-time reporting is likewise greatly required keeping in mind the end goal to get a thought of what is going on and to impart the same to the group. It would track the advancement and escape clauses, assuming any. The project plan would comprise the following: Project Scope The undertaking extension articulation would drill down the reason and legitimization of the task and would serve as a standard record for CGC. It would define the in-scope and out of scope activities. Purpose The reason behind the venture would be to plan a versatile strategy and detailed approach for CGC to manage the supplies at all times and also to fulfil the demands of each customer without any loss or over-supply. Project Strategies The task would be created with a staged methodology. The underlying stage would incorporate the arranging took after by planning of the essential phases. Phases would then be altered by favored subject and style. High Level Requirements The project would target the three main entities that is CGC, its customers and the suppliers. Requirements of the customers in terms of demand would be covered with the supply from each of the supplier. Acceptance Criteria All the acceptance criteria ought to be met before the arrival of the application in this present reality. The criteria for the portable application of CGC would be: All the task deliverables ought to be met There ought to be no open basic, high or medium need imperfections Project ought to meet the objective timetable Project ought to be secured under the arranged spending plan Conclusions CGC is a company that provides natural gas services to its three lines of customers. The current shortcoming of the present system are improper track of the supply, loss of sales, undue curtailment and dissatisfied customers to name a few. The suggested information systems which are primarily categorized in four categories will help CGC to overcome all of these drawbacks and also gain a reputation of trust and relaible company in the market. A well defined project plan is also necessary for the company and an outline of the same specifies the project scope, purpose, acceptance criteria and high level requirements. References (2016). Different Types of Information System and the Pyramid Model. (2016). Decision support systems - applications and advantages. (2016). Management Information Systems (MIS). (2016). Stock control and inventory. (2014). What is Executive Information System? Explain its Characteristics, Capabilities and Benefits | Total MBA Guide. Meneses, A. (2015). 6 Steps To An Effective Order Processing System | Infinit Contact.

Saturday, March 21, 2020

Johnsonville Sausage Essays

Johnsonville Sausage Essays Johnsonville Sausage Essay Johnsonville Sausage Essay Johnsonville Sausage – Quality Improvement through Change Situation Post 1980, Ralph Stayer began to observe decline in quality due to inattention of the workers as well as ill-maintenance of the equipment in the production unit. With the help of Mr. Lee Thayer, Stayer has planned to implement a major change in the company’s philosophy. Transition from old philosophy purged Stayer’s responsibilities of decision making by decentralizing the power of decision making. The new philosophy was implemented to bring out changes in various departments of the company viz. management structure, personnel, compensation, manufacturing and also systems and controls. According to Thayer’s new philosophy, performance of the personnel and requirement of guidance to personnel to achieve their objectives were the key elements. Management structure was broken down by hiring experienced personnel for the new superior level management to oversee finance, marketing and operation s functions. Stayer emphasized people development as the core element of the new philosophy. Changes in personnel include development of list of responsibilities by the workers themselves and eliminating the performance review process. These changes in personnel function led changes in compensation with the implementation of â€Å"company performance share† program which increased individual responsibility of workers. However this transition was not in agreement among workers while some are excited about it. In terms of manufacturing changes, lead persons were installed at various departments, eliminating supervisors, to seek information and provide necessary measures to train and improve capacities of workers under designated group. Responsibilities of lead person also include development of budget planning and production requirement planning. Job switching and alternating works were practiced to enrich workers’ capabilities and enhance performance and also job satisfaction. System and controls changes included individuals to develop and be accountable for their own budgets and forecasts and also allow them to analyze performance data. In addition, subordinates were needed to self-evaluate their performance to respective managers. Problem The main issue of the case is the resistance shown by the personnel towards the company’s philosophy transition. According to Stayer, upon implementation of new philosophy, workers at all level were expected to embrace the change. Instead, the company faced issues related to the final goal of the implementation, unsuccessful organization structural changes, clash of responsibilities among the workers, participation of less number of employees in the company decision making process and finally lack of high job satisfaction. However, these issues were expected to expire once the transition is complete. Palmer Sausage offered its consolidated business to Johnsonville but the issue here was whether Stayer could handle an expanded Palmer contract. Stayer examined the situation by understanding that in order to run the contract the company would require to recruit and train a big set of people along with existing people acquiring new skills and retain high quality on both the in-house and Palmer products. In order to achieve this, Johnsonville needs to run the production six or seven days a week for more than a year until its new plant was ready. On the other hand, the company may need to run the business at risk i. e. , if Palmer canceled the contract with 30-day prior notice leaves Johnsonville not only with massive layoffs and but also huge inventory with no market for it. Analysis As the year 1980 folded, Stayer recognizes to restructure his management structure for the growing company. Stayer also realized that there was decline in the quality of the products and employees were also demotivated to work. Later on, in collaboration with Thayer Lee, Stayer has planned to implement new philosophy which is focused on performance and helps people accomplish their objectives through well-defined job descriptions, clear understanding on performance standards, and providing the required resources. Johnsonville’s new values are based on deep moral commitment to the individual. The main aim of the transition is to augment people capacities, rather than the business. Stayer changed view of his autocratic leadership to a role as a leader delegating his subordinates rather than directing them. Furthermore, the new philosophy also motivated each worker to commit to the company’s betterment. Upon full transition, Stayer expects to create an atmosphere of constant learning and development. The transition also supports creativity, encourages responsibility, and empowers employees to develop solutions rather than simply follow orders. Over the period of time, the company’s organizational structure was transformed in support to the new culture of worker empowerment. Autocratic management was decentralized in order to become more democratic. Conventional management position were replaced by lead persons and their teams who controlled their own compensation, hiring, firing, quality control, and near-and long-term company goals. Several ground-breaking solutions were instigated and evaluated and each member of the company was involved for the company’s success. Moreover, a rewarding compensation system was implemented to retain employees and hone their skills and performance. Over-the-time, Stayer had achieved a complete organizational transformation successfully. In terms of Palmer’s offer, Stayer has two recommendations – either he can accept or decline to take over the Palmer’s business. If Stayer had taken over the business, they might have the advantages of the opportunity for growth and additional revenue. On this regard, private label business offers a 25% return on assets. Contrariwise, the deal clashes with Johnsonville’s recent business strategy which prevents the company to push private label business over 15%. The company could compete for capital with the rest of the business once it crosses 15%. In addition to this, the company, while in contract with Palmer, is producing at huge capacity utilization. If the deal is on then the company might need to execute two long shifts for six or seven days a week in order to process the new business. Recommendation At this stand-off point, Johnsonville could be advised to accept Palmer’s deal which help the former to tap the revenue and growth opportunities. Stayer’s Johnsonville should continue to implement its new philosophy in a way that it does not affect the previous work-culture. During the agreement, Stayer should continue to involve employees in the decision making process to accept the private label business and planning to handle the additional workload as well. Apart from this, Stayer is required to motivate his teams to meet for evaluating staffing requirements, production and quality goals. With the involvement of workers and assigning responsibility for the important decisions, Stayer will help secure their buy-in for tackling the challenges ahead.

Thursday, March 5, 2020

Laws Regulating Federal Lobbyists

Laws Regulating Federal Lobbyists In public opinion polls, lobbyists rank somewhere between pond scum and nuclear waste. In every election, politicians vow never to be â€Å"bought out† by lobbyists, but often do. Briefly, lobbyists get paid by businesses or special interest groups to win the votes and support of members of the U.S. Congress and state legislatures.   Indeed, to many people, lobbyists and what they do represent the main cause of corruption in federal government. But while lobbyists and their influence in Congress sometimes seem to be out of control, they really do have to follow laws. In fact, lots of them.   Background: The Laws of Lobbying While each state legislature has created its own set of laws regulating lobbyists, there are two specific federal laws regulating the actions of lobbyists targeting the U.S. Congress.   Recognizing the need to make the lobbying process more transparent and accountable to the American people, Congress enacted the Lobbying Disclosure Act (LDA) of 1995. Under this law, all lobbyists dealing with the U.S. Congress are required to register with both the Clerk of the House of Representatives and the Secretary of the Senate. Within 45 days of becoming employed or retained to lobby on behalf of a new client, the lobbyist must register his or her agreement with that client with the Secretary of the Senate and the Clerk of the House. As of 2015, more than 16,000 federal lobbyists were registered under the LDA. However, merely registering with Congress was not enough to prevent some lobbyists from abusing the system to the point of triggering total disgust for their profession. Jack Abramoff Lobbying Scandal Spurred New, Tougher Law Public hatred for lobbyists and lobbying reached its peak in 2006 when Jack Abramoff, working as a lobbyist for the rapidly growing Indian casino industry, pleaded guilty to charges of bribing members of Congress, some of whom also ended up in prison as a result of the scandal. In the aftermath of the Abramoff scandal, Congress in 2007 passed the Honest Leadership and Open Government Act (HLOGA) fundamentally changing the ways in which lobbyists were allowed to interact with members of Congress. As a result of HLOGA, lobbyists are prohibited from â€Å"treating† Congress members or their staff to things like meals, travel, or entertainment events. Under HLOGA, lobbyists must file Lobbying Disclosure (LD) reports during each year revealing all contributions they made to campaign events for members of Congress or other expenditures of efforts they make that might in any way personally benefit a member of Congress. Specifically, the required reports are: The LD-2 report showing all lobbying activities for each organization they are registered to represent must be filed quarterly; andThe LD-203 report disclosing certain political â€Å"contributions† to politicians must be filed twice a year. What Can Lobbyists ‘Contribute’ to Politicians? Lobbyists are allowed to contribute money to federal politicians under the same campaign contribution limits placed on individuals. During the current (2016) federal election cycle, lobbyists cannot give more than $2,700 to any candidate and $5,000 to any Political Action Committees (PAC) in each election. Of course, the most coveted â€Å"contributions† lobbyists make to politicians are the money and votes of the members of the industries and organizations they work for. In 2015 for example, the nearly 5 million members of the National Rifle Association gave a combined $3.6 million to federal politicians opposed to tighter gun control policy. In addition, lobbyist must file quarterly reports listing their clients, the fees they received from each client and the issues on which they lobbied for each client. Lobbyists who fail to comply with these laws face could face both civil and criminal penalties as determined by the Office of the U.S. Attorney. Penalties for Violation of the Lobbying Laws The Secretary of the Senate and the Clerk of the House, along with U.S. Attorney’s Office (USAO) are responsible for ensuring that lobbyists comply with the LDA activity disclosure law. Should they detect a failure to comply, the Secretary of the Senate or the Clerk of the House notifies the lobbyist in writing. Should the lobbyist fail to provide an adequate response, the Secretary of the Senate or the Clerk of the House refers the case to the USAO. The USAO researches these referrals and sends additional noncompliance notices to the lobbyist, requesting that they file reports or terminate their registration. If USAO does not receive a response after 60 days, it decides whether to pursue a civil or criminal case against the lobbyist. A civil judgment could lead to penalties up to $200,000 for each violation, while a criminal conviction - usually pursued when a lobbyist’s noncompliance is found to be knowing and corrupt- could lead to a maximum of 5 years in prison. So yes, there are laws for lobbyists, but how many of those lobbyists are really doing the â€Å"right thing† by complying with the disclosure laws? GAO Reports on Lobbyists’ Compliance with the Law In an audit released on March 24, 2016, the Government Accountability Office (GAO) reported that during 2015, â€Å"most† registered federal lobbyists did file disclosure reports that included key data required by the Lobbying Disclosure Act of 1995 (LDA). According to the GAO’s audit, 88% of lobbyists properly filed initial LD-2 reports as required by the LDA. Of those properly filed reports, 93% included adequate documentation on income and expenses. About 85% of lobbyists properly filed their required year-end LD-203 reports disclosing campaign contributions. During 2015, federal lobbyists filed 45,565 LD-2 disclosure reports with $5,000 or more in lobbying activity, and 29,189 LD-203 reports of federal political campaign contributions. The GAO did find that, as in years past, some lobbyists continued to properly disclose payments for certain â€Å"covered positions,† as paid congressional internships or certain executive agency positions provided as part of the lobbyists’ â€Å"contributions† to lawmakers. GAO’s audit estimated that about 21% of all LD-2 reports filed by lobbyists in 2015 failed to disclose payments for at least one such covered position, despite the fact that most lobbyists told the GAO that they found the rules regarding reporting covered positions as being â€Å"very easy† or   Ã¢â‚¬Å"somewhat easy† to understand.

Monday, February 17, 2020

Business accounting Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 1000 words

Business accounting - Essay Example Financial ratio analysis enables decision makers to uncover trends in business performance and compare different business organizations (Keown, et. al 2005). It should be noted that these ratios are classified according to the aspects that they measure including profitability, liquidity, efficiency, solvency, and investor ratios. Considering that the business organization under consideration is considered small and medium business organization, this report will focus only on profitability, liquidity, and efficiency. In terms of liquidity, the current ratio and the acid-test ratio will be utilized. At first look, the Northern Branch displays a slightly higher level of liquidity with its current ratio of 1.060. Should all of its current liabilities become due immediately, The Southern Branch will only be able to pay off 99.6% with its current assets. However, the acid test ratio shows that most of the Northern Branch's most current assets are tied up in inventories. In fact, when inventory is deducted from the current assets, it will only yield an acid-test ratio of 0.34. On the other hand, the Southern Branch has much more liquid assets indicated by its acid test ratio of 0.54. In terms of efficiency, the following ratios will be considered: debtor's turnover; debtor days; creditor's turnover; creditor days; and stock turnovers which will be divided according to the main inventories namely, food and beverages. The Northern Branch has a lower debtor's turnover leading to higher debtor days which indicates the collection period of account receivables. During the fiscal year, the branch reports debtor's turnover of 9.30 and debtor days of 39.21. On the other hand, the Southern Branch appears to be more efficient in collecting its receivables with its debtor's turnover of 12.13 and debtor days of 30.08 days. It is also apparent that the Southern Branch is relatively better in servicing its short term creditors as indicated by its higher creditor turnover and lower creditor days. The branch's creditor's turnover reported is 6.09, far better than Northern Branch's 1.74. This is translated to creditor days of 59.85 (Southern Branch) which is very much faster than Northern Branch's payment period of 208.63 days. In terms of inventory management, the Northern Branch still lags behind the Southern Branch both in food and beverages. The Southern Branch's stock of food turns at an average of 17.24 annually and stays in the company's warehouse in a period of 21.17 days. On the other hand, the Northern Branch's turnover averages 5.66 times a year while stock days is 64.39. The same is true with beverages. While the Southern Branch has a turnover of 3.05 and stock days of 119.54, the Northern Branch is not able to sell its beverage stocks for the fiscal year. It stays in the company's warehouse for more than a year (593.39 days) before it is finally sold. To measure profitability, this report will look at the return of capital employed (ROCE), gross profits, and net profit. The Southern Branch reports higher ratios in all these categories. The branch has an ROCE 0.36 compared to the Northern Branch's 0.26. In terms of profit margins, the Southern Bra